National Women Commission Nepal is a constitutional body with the provision of new constitution of Nepal, 2015 (Part 27, other Commission, Article 252-254). The Commission was established on 7th March 2002. The National Women Commission (NWC) is governed by the Rastriya Mahila Aayog Ain, 2074. The constitution of Nepal has given NWC the responsibility of Gender equality, Women empowerment and to carry out research on any women related legal provisions and strengthen the rules and regulations to minimize social malpractices against women and promote women rights. The commission has timely carried out various awareness programs and promoted women rights for strengthening the position of women in the society. NWC since the beginning has worked actively in promoting and strengthening the rights of women, developing policies for advocating women rights and these fall under the daily chores of the commission. For this, NWC has done Gender studies and Gender monitoring and recommend it to the policymakers.
Nepal is a signatory of various international treaties and covenants related to women’s rights. NWC is the official body to keep an eye on the effective implementation of these treaties and covenants in Nepal. In addition to this NWC comes up with measures for the effective implementation. Alongside, policy advocacy is a major duty of NWC.
The federal parliament will review the commission after ten years of commencement of the constitution. Functions, duties and powers of the National Women Commission mentioned in Art.253 is as follows:
(a) To formulate policies and programs regarding women welfare for the Government of Nepal and forward them to the Government for implementation,
(b) To review whether or not statutes related to women’s welfare are executed, and whether the international covenant signed by Nepal, as a signatory, has been executed, and to forward a recommendation to the Government of Nepal in case they are found not to have been executed,
(c) To monitor, review and evaluate policies and programs implemented by the State to bring women into the mainstream of national development such as proportionate representation in all of the state agencies, and to forward a recommendation to the Government of Nepal for an effective implementation of those provisions,
(d) To carry out research and studies regarding gender equality, women empowerment, other legal provisions concerning women, and to forward a recommendation to the concerned bodies regarding the areas to be amended in those laws, and to monitor the same,
(e) To monitor the government regarding report to be submitted by the Government of Nepal in matters related to international covenant and treaties to which Nepal is a party,
(f) To forward a recommendation to concerned authority to lodge a petition in the court, in accordance with the law, in matters related with gender violence, and women deprived of women rights due to social malpractices.